Institut des
NanoSciences de Paris
insp
insp
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Nanostructures et optique

Opals : synthesis and coupling to nanocrystals

An opal is a periodic stacking of polymer or silica beads of a few hundred nm obtained by self-organization of a solution of beads. In this 3D photonic crystals, the propagation of light and the emission of a nanocrystal can be greatly enhanced or inhibited, depending on the considered wavelength and direction. By infiltrating a solution of nanocrystals inside an opal, we have evidenced in 2009 an inhibition and redirection of the emission from nanocrystals.

PNG

Figure 1 : Sem images (D. Demaille, INSP) of opals synthesized at the INSP : (a) Opal covered by a layer of larger beads by Langmuir-Schaeffer method and a second opal by convective method. (b) Opal covered by a silica layer by sputtering and a second opal by convective method (the red arrow indicates the thickness of sputtered silica).

With our means of characterization (optical, AFM, SEM) we have been collaborating with various groups in France and abroad synthesizing opals. We developped in 2010 an activity of fabrication of opals at the INSP : beads synthesis, opal deposition by « convective » method. We have introduced a (voluntary) planar defect in an opal consisting either in a silica layer (fig. 1b) or a layer of larger beads (fig. 1a). The transmission spectra of these samples present, inside the dip corresponding to the photonic crystal stop band, a pass band corresponding to a defect mode (fig. 2a). The wavelength of this mode can be adjusted with the silica thickness (which is well controlled during the deposition process) and is in perfect agreement with the results of FDTD simulations (fig. 2b).

Figure 2 : (a) Transmission spectrum of an opal with a defect (120-nm silica layer deposited by sputtering) at 0° incidence angle. (b) Evolution of the defect mode wavelength measured (red squares) and simulated (black stars) as a function of the silica layer thickness.

 

Collaborations :

- Serge Ravaine and Renaud Vallée at the CRPP (Bordeaux)

- Pham Thu Nga at the IMS (VAST, Hanoï)

- Alex Gruzintev at the IMTHPM (Chernogolovka, Russia)

-  Michel Goldmann and Marie-Claude Fauré at the INSP

 

Communications :

- Céline Bourdillon, Phan Ngoc Hong, Willy Daney de Marcillac, Laurent Coolen, Agnès Maître et Catherine Schwob, Manipulation of the fluorescence of nanocrystals by opal-based heterostructures, J. Mater. Chem. C 3, 9734 (2015)

- Phan Ngoc Hong, Paul Bénalloul, Zineb Guennouni-Assimi, Rana Farha, Céline Bourdillon, Marie-Claude Fauré, Michel Goldmann, Willy Daney de Marcillac, Laurent Coolen, Agnès Maître and Catherine Schwob, Optical properties of an opal with a planar defect fabricated by inverse Schaefer and Langmuir-Blodgett techniques, Opt. Quant. Electron. DOI 10.1007/s11082-014-9939-6 (2014),

- Amaury Avoine, Phan Ngoc Hong, Hugo Frederich, Kifle Aregahegn, Paul Bénalloul, Laurent Coolen, Catherine Schwob, Pham Thu Nga, Bruno Gallas and Agnès Maître, Measurement and modelization of silica opal optical properties, Adv. Nat. Sci. : Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 015005 (2014)

- Hong P. N., Guennouni-Assimi Z., Farha R., Faure M-C., Goldmann M., Daney de Marcillac W., Coolen L., Maître A., Schwob C. and Benalloul P., Nanomemittors in a defect layer embedded in a photonic crystal : synthesis an optical characterization, Caspian Journal of Applied Mathematics, Economics and Ecology V. 1, No 1 (2013),

- Phan Ngoc Hong, Paul Bénalloul, Laurent Coolen, Agnès Maître and Catherine Schwob, A sputtered-silica defect layer between two artificial silica opals : an efficient way to engineer well-ordered sandwich structures, J. Mat. Chem. C 1, 5381 (2013)

- Amaury Avoine, Hugo Frederich, Phan N. Hong, Bruno Gallas, Laurent Coolen, Catherine Schwob et Agnès Maître, Optical properties of a three-dimensional photonic crystal, International Symposium on Photonic and Electromagnetic Crystal Structures (PECS – X), Santa Fe, Etats-Unis, 3-8 juin 2012

- Amaury Avoine, Phan Ngoc Hong, Hugo Frederich, Jean-Marc Frigerio, Laurent Coolen, Catherine Schwob, Pham Thu Nga, Bruno Gallas et Agnès Maître , Measurement and modelization of silica opal reflection properties : Optical determination of the silica index, Phys. Rev. B 86, 165432 (2012)

- N. Griffete, H. Frederich, A. Maître, S. Ravaine, M. M. Chehimi et C. Mangeney, Inverse Opals of Molecularly Imprinted Hydrogels for the Detection of Bisphenol A and pH Sensing, Langmuir 28, 1005 (2012)

- Nébéwia Griffete, Hugo Frederich, Agnès Maître, Mohamed M. Chehimi, Serge Ravaine et Claire Mangeney, Photonic crystal pH sensor containing a planar defect for fast and enhanced response, J. Mater. Chem. 21, 13052 (2011)

- J. F. Dechézelles, G. Mialon, T. Gacoin, C. Barthou, C. Schwob, A. Maître, R. A. L. Vallée, H. Cramail et S. Ravaine, Inhibition, exaltation of emission in layer-controlled colloidal photonic architectures, Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2010), 373, 1-5 (2011)

-  P. N. Hong, H. Frederich, J. Laverdant, L. Coolen, P. Benalloul, J.-M. Frigerio, P. T. Nga, A. Maître et C. Schwob, Synthesis and characterization of self-assembled photonic crystals for enhancement of single nanocrystals photon emission, 5th International Workshop on Advanced Materials Science and Nanotechnology (IWAMSN2010), Hanoi (Vietnam), Novembre 2010.

-  Céline Vion, Carlos Barthou, Paul Bénalloul, Catherine Schwob, Laurent Coolen, Alex Gruzintsev, Gennadii Emel’chenko, Vladimir Masalov, Jean-Marc Frigerio, et Agnès Maître, Angle- and time-resolved luminescence of colloidal nanocrystals in artificial opals, Nanophotonics, Conference 7712 - Proceedings of SPIE Volume 7712, Arc (Belgique), 12 - 16 Avril 2010

- N. Griffete, M. Dybkowska, B. Glebocki, T. Basinska, C. Connan, A. Maître, M. Chehimi, S. Slomkowski, C. Mangeney, Thermoresponsive colloidal crystals built from core-shell poly(styrene/a-tert-butoxy-w-vinylbenzyl-polyglycidol) microspheres Langmuir, 26, 11550 (2010)

-  J.F Dechézelles, T. Aubert, F. Grasset, C. Barthou, C. Schwob, A. Maître, R. Vallée, H. Cramail, S. Ravaine, Fine tuning of emission through the engineering of colloidal crystals, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12, 1199311999 (2010)

-  Céline Vion, Carlos Barthou, Paul Bénalloul, Catherine Schwob, Laurent Coolen, Alex Gruzintev, Gennadi Emel’chenko, Wladimir Masalov, Jean-Marc Frigerio, et Agnès Maître, Manipulating emission of CdTeSe nanocrystals embedded in 3D photonic crystals, Journal of Applied Physics, 105, 113120 (2009).

-  P. Benalloul, C. Vion, C. Barthou, C. Schwob, J.M. Frigerio, A. Maitre, A. Grusintsev, G. Emelchenko, W. Masakov, Pham Thu Nga, Manipulating Emission of CdSe/Zns nanocrystals embedded in synthetic opals, ACTP-ASEAN workshop on advanced Materials Science and Nanotechnology (AMSN2008), Nha Trang, Vietnam, (15-21 /09/2008), IOP Publishing, Journal of Physics : Conference Series 187 (2009) 012004

-  Catherine Schwob, Céline Vion, Amayry Avoine, Carlos Barthou, Paul Benalloul, Laurent Coolen, Jean-Marc Frigerio, Agnès Maître, Alex Gruzintsev, Gennadi Emelchenko, Wladimir Masalov, et Pham Thu Nga, Manipulating emission of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals embedded in 3D photonic crystals, 2nd Eureopean Topical Meeting on Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, 5-8 Janvier 2009, Seefeld, Tirol, Autriche, Nanometa 2009.

-  C. Vion, C. Barthou, P. Benalloul, C. Schwob, L. Coolen, A.N. Gruzintsev, G.A. Emelchenko, W.M Masalov, J.-M. Frigerio, A. Maitre, Manipulating Emission of CdSe Quantum Dots Embedded in Synthetic Opals, 14th international conference on II-VI compounds, Saint Petersbourg, Russie, 23-28 Août (2009).

- C. Vion, C. Barthou, P. Bénalloul, C. Schwob, L. Coolen, J.-M. Frigerio et A. Maître, Angle-resolved luminescence of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals in 3D photonic crystals, EOS Annual Meeting (Paris, France, septembre 2008)

- M. Romanelli, C. Vion, C. Barthou, P. Benalloul, J.-M. Frigerio, A. Maître, Pham Thu Nga, Pham Thai Cuong, A. Gruzintsev, A. Redkin, Angle-resolved reflectivity and self-activated luminescence of 3D photonic crystals, J. of the Korean Physical Society, 52, 1589 (2008)

- A N. Gruzintsev, G. A. Emelchenko, V. M. Masalov, M. Romanelli, C. Barthou, P. Benalloul et A. Maître, Luminescent properties of opals, Inorganic Materials 44, 159 (2008)

- M. Romanelli, C. Vion, C. Barthou, P. Benalloul, J.-M. Frigerio, A. Maître, Pham Thu Nga, Pham Thai Cuong, A. Gruzintsev et A. Redkin, Experimental study of 3 D photonic crystals, 1st IWOFM – 3rd IWONN Conference (Halong City, Vietnam, décembre 2006)